Quadriplegia, also known as tetrapalegia, is the loss of voluntary movement and sensation in all four extremities, and usually results from a cervical spinal cord injury (SCI). Other conditions, such as a brain stem lesion or spinal meningitis, may also result in quadriplegia. After the patient is neurologically and orthopedically stable and cannot be weaned from mechanical ventilation, a diaphragm pacing system should be considered.

Spinal Cord Injury and Breathing


There are an estimated 288,000 people living with spinal cord injuries in the United States alone, with an estimated 17,700 new cases each year. In many of these cases, breathing assistance is required. There are multiple options available, though many people, including physicians, are not always aware of the options that are available. For quadriplegic [...]

Spinal Cord Injury and Breathing2019-09-30T17:19:23+00:00

Young Woman is ‘stronger than ever’ with Avery Diaphragm Pacemaker


In 2016, Niki, a young Hungarian 21 year old woman became a quadriplegic patient after a serious motorbike accident.  The CT and MRI imaging confirmed the fracture of the C II vertebra with the compression of the spinal cord. After the stabilization of the cervical vertebra, a tracheotomy was performed. 10 months later, her hemodynamic [...]

Young Woman is ‘stronger than ever’ with Avery Diaphragm Pacemaker2018-06-13T14:02:53+00:00

Avery Diaphragm Pacemaker Gives Woman Gift of Mobility


Perihan fell down a mobile staircase sustaining a spinal cord injury at the neck level. Perihan’s neurosurgeon, Professor Sedat Cagli, at Ege University Hospital, Izmir Turkey told her about the Avery Diaphragm Pacer and in February 2012 she was implanted. Thirty days later, she began using the pacer and now paces 12 hours a day. [...]

Avery Diaphragm Pacemaker Gives Woman Gift of Mobility2017-09-15T14:58:38+00:00

Quadriplegic Pacing 24 /7 after 16 Years on a Mechanical Ventilator


In 1994, Khaldoon, a 17-year old honors student and swimming champion from Syria, suffered a spinal cord injury in a diving accident leaving him a ventilator-dependent quadriplegic (tetraplegic). 16 years later, he was implanted with the Avery Breathing Pacemaker and was pacing 24/7 less than one year post surgery. In 2015, after four years of [...]

Quadriplegic Pacing 24 /7 after 16 Years on a Mechanical Ventilator2017-07-11T13:54:08+00:00

Understanding Mechanical Ventilation for Quadriplegia


One of the major issues facing persons with quadriplegia is the need for breathing assistance. While an injury at the C5 vertebrae or lower typically does not affect breathing, injuries above the C4 do often require ventilatory assistance. Individuals with injuries at the C1 and C2 level are dependent on assistance for breathing. Typically, [...]

Understanding Mechanical Ventilation for Quadriplegia2017-06-02T17:31:29+00:00



In November 1993, Willie was paralyzed after diving into the pool at his high school. Thanks to his quick thinking friends, he was airlifted to Johannesburg General Hospital in South Africa. In July 1994, Willie was implanted with the Avery diaphragm pacemaker. Willie first heard of the pacer when his General Practitioner had told [...]




In 2002, at the age of 52, Dalen fell from a ladder and was rendered a C2 quadriplegic and ventilator dependent. In 2014, Dalen was implanted with the Avery diaphragm pacemaker to replace his mechanical ventilator.  He is now pacing 24/7, and is enjoying his freedom from the ventilator. Since being implanted, his health [...]




In 1980, at the age of 19, a trampoline accident at college rendered Brodie a C2-C3 quadriplegic. Approximately, four months later, he was implanted with the Avery Diaphragm Pacing System system (Avery pacers); and in 1983, Brodie had his tracheostomy closed. He then returned to college completing his master’s degree in Education. According to [...]




Caroline was just ten months old in February 2003 when she became a C1-C2 quadriplegic as a result of an automobile accident. Like many quadriplegics, Caroline endured repeated hospitalizations for recurrent pneumonia. Caroline was implanted with her diaphragm pacing system in August 2007 by Dr. Robert Cilley at the Hershey Medical Center near her [...]


Breathing with Quadriplegia


For most people, breathing is a natural action. We do not think about it, yet is vital to our existence. But for those living with quadriplegia, the muscles required for breathing are paralyzed, rendering them unable to breathe on their own without mechanical assistance. Quadriplegia (or tetraplegia) is the paralysis of all four limbs [...]

Breathing with Quadriplegia2017-03-02T15:41:15+00:00